Special Protection Area
Ireland is required under the terms of the EU Birds Directive (2009/147/EC) to designate Special Protection Areas (SPAs) for the protection of:
- Listed rare and vulnerable species
- Regularly occurring migratory species
- Wetlands especially those of international importance
A programme to identify and designate SPA sites has been in place since 1985 and Ireland’s SPA Network now encompasses over 597,000 hectares of marine and terrestrial habitats.
Ireland’s obligations under the EU Birds Directive (2009/147/EC)